According to the External Affairs Ministry, India will be sending 20,000 metric tonnes of wheat to Afghanistan via the Chabahar Port in Iran to address the current humanitarian crisis. In addition, India held its first India-Central Asia Joint Working Group on Afghanistan in New Delhi where the current political, security, and humanitarian situation in Afghanistan was discussed with participants.
The importance of forming an inclusive and representative political structure that respects the rights of all Afghans, including women, girls, and minority groups, was emphasized.
During the meeting, India and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes agreed to partner in counteracting drug trafficking and rehabilitating Afghan drug users. Special attention will also be given to women and the development of alternative livelihood opportunities.
There are a few ideas highlighted that other countries could potentially borrow and implement in their own policies and practices.
1. Providing humanitarian aid: India is sending 20,000 metric tonnes of wheat to Afghanistan to address the current humanitarian crisis. Other countries could also consider providing aid to countries facing crises, such as natural disasters or conflict. For example, in 2020, Australia provided humanitarian aid to Pacific Island countries affected by Cyclone Harold. By providing aid, countries can help alleviate suffering and demonstrate solidarity with affected populations.
2. Emphasizing inclusive political structures: During the India-Central Asia Joint Working Group on Afghanistan, participants emphasized the importance of forming an inclusive and representative political structure that respects the rights of all Afghans, including women, girls, and minority groups. Other countries could prioritize inclusive political structures in their own contexts. For example, in 2020, Ghana conducted elections with a focus on inclusivity, including increasing women’s representation in parliament. By prioritizing inclusivity, countries can ensure that all voices are heard and represented in decision-making processes.
3. Partnering with international organizations: India and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes agreed to partner in counteracting drug trafficking and rehabilitating Afghan drug users. Other countries could also partner with international organizations to address common challenges. For example, the European Union has partnered with the United Nations Development Programme to support socio-economic recovery in Libya. By partnering with international organizations, countries can leverage resources and expertise to address complex challenges that may be beyond their individual capacities.
Implementing these ideas could be helpful to other countries by demonstrating best practices and providing examples of effective policies and practices. For example, India’s provision of aid to Afghanistan could serve as a model for other countries facing similar humanitarian crises. By highlighting the importance of inclusive political structures and partnering with international organizations, other countries can learn from India’s experiences and potentially adapt similar approaches to their own contexts.